A House of All Children

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Why We Wrote This Book 1
Chapter 2: Changing Needs from Infancy to Adolescence 7
From Infancy to Toddlerhood 7
From Toddlerhood to the Pre-School Years 8
From Pre-School to School-Age 9
Moving into Adolescence 11
Chapter 3: Accessibility to the Home 15
Creating an Accessible Home 15
Accessibility Needs-They Are Everywhere 16
The Driveway 17
Vans 17
Design Considerations for Conversion Vans 18
"Tie-Downs" in Vans 20
The School Bus 21
Walkways/Access Through the garage 22
Getting to the Door 23
Ramps 23
On-Grade Entrances 27
Lifts 28
The Front Door 23
Getting to the Door 23
Ramps 23
On-Grade Entrances 27
Outdoor Lifts 28
Getting Through the Door 28
Opening the Door 29
Getting Through the Width of the Door 30
Rolling Over the Doorsill 31
Other Problems 32
Chapter 4: Accessibility In and Around the Home 33
Doorways 33
Hallways 35
Controlling Access 36
Damage Control 37
Interior Stairs 38
Bathrooms 39
Some General Things to Think About 39
Access and Basic Layout 39
Diagonal Toilet Transfers 42
Lateral (Side-by-Side) Toilet Transfers 43
Grab Bars 44
Bathing Problems 45
Bathtubs and Showers 45
Bath/Shower Seats 45
Bath/Shower Lifts 47
Hand-Held Showers 48
Other Considerations 48
Special Bathtubs and Showers 49
Shower Stalls 50
Roll-In Showers 50
Problem Alert! 52
Sinks 53
Other Considerations 54
Faucets 55
Toilets 56
Toilet/Potty Chairs 56
Helping the Child Get to the Toilet 56
Commode 57
Toilet Lifts 57
Bidet 57
Heat and Water Cleansing Apparatus 57
Changing Tables 58
Toileting Trials/Ways to Help 59
Kitchen 60
Fostering Independence 61
Basic Considerations 61
Cooking Devices 63
Other Kitchen Recommendations 64
Laundry Rooms 64
Accessibility Around Your Property 65
Swimming Pools 67
Accessibility Guiding Principles 68
Chapter 5: The Ideal Home in the Right Neighborhood 69
The "Ideal" House Design 70
House Layout 71
Movement Through the House 71
Specific Room 71
Bathroom 71
Kitchen 71
The Child's Bedroom 72
Windows 72
Considerations for Special Rooms 72
Getting In and Out 73
Garage 73
The Grounds 73
Climate Control Systems and Electronic Equipment 73
What Makes a good Neighborhood? 74
Social Characteristics 74
Other Children 74
Adult Neighbors 75
What the Location Offers 75
The Town's Physical Characteristics 77
Schools 77
Ways to Avoid Potential Problems 77
Chapter 6: Meeting Emotional and Social Needs 79
Ways to Develop Independence 79
The Physical Environment 79
Special Equipment and Technologies 80
Activities 80
Going Places, Doing Things 80
Taking Advantage of Social Opportunities 80
Treatment/Care 80
Disability Education 80
Attitudes Toward the Child 81
Meeting Social Needs 81
Potential Obstacles 81
The Environment 81
The Child 81
Negative Attitudes of Other People 81
Other stumbling Blocks 82
Coping Strategies 82
The Environment 82
Personal Strategies 82
Participation in Formal Activities 83
Experiences That Lead to Socializing 83
Providing Privacy 83
Toileting 83
Inside the House 83
Outside the House 83
Bathing 84
Social Privacy 84
Chapter 7: Parent to Parent: Advice from the "Experts" 85
The Home Environment 85
Location 86
Getting Treatment, Care, and Help for Your Child 86
How You relate to or Treat Your Child 87
Obtaining Information 87
Equipment and Assistive Technologies 88
Advice About Schools 88
Why Listening to Other Parents Is Important 89
Chapter 8: The Children's Story 91
Memories of Childhood and Changing Needs 92
Social Life 93
The Children's Ideal Home 93
The Children's Ideal Neighborhood 94
Reactions to the School Environment 94
Comparing the Two Perspectives 95
The Children's Advice 95
Closing Comments 96
Developmental Checklist 97
Resource Guide 99

 

A project of the National Resource Center on Supportive Housing and Home Modification,
in affiliation with the Fall Prevention Center of Excellence, funded by the Archstone Foundation.
Located at the University of Southern California Andrus Gerontology Center, Los Angeles, California 90089-0191 (213) 740-1364.